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April 11, 2016

Walden Updates Shareowner Action on Lobbying
    by Robert Kropp

Tim Smith of Walden Asset Management posts update on the 50 shareowner proposal addressing corporate lobbying expenditures filed this proxy season. -- For more than a decade, the Center for Political Accountability (CPA) and its sustainable investor allies have advocated with remarkable success for corporate disclosure of political expenditures. At last count, “More than 140 large companies—including more than half of companies in influential S&P 100—have struck political disclosure agreements with CPA and/or its shareholder partners,” CPA reports.

Visit the
Prospectus Ordering CenterBut there are other ways in which corporations use money to influence political processes; in fact, corporate lobbying expenditures far exceed the amount of direct corporate political spending. In addition to lobbying at the state and federal levels, corporations pay dues to politically active trade associations such as the US Chamber of Commerce. Since 1998, Tim Smith of Walden Asset Management observed recently, the Chamber has spent over $1.2 billion in lobbying.

And then there is the American Legislative Exchange Council (ALEC), a nonprofit organization whose authorship of state-level model legislation such as the Stand Your Ground law in Florida and elsewhere was met with outrage after the killing of 17-year-old Trayvon Martin. The potential reputational risk of corporate membership in ALEC has led to 105 companies leaving the organization in recent years.

Along with the American Federation of State, County and Municipal Employees (AFSCME), Walden has organized a coalition of sustainable investors that have filed 50 shareowner resolutions with corporations this proxy season. The resolution filed with ExxonMobil, for example, requested that the company prepare annual reports addressing the following:
1. Company policy and procedures governing lobbying, both direct and indirect, and grassroots lobbying communications.
2. Payments by ExxonMobil used for (a) direct or indirect lobbying or (b) grassroots lobbying communications, in each case including the amount of the payment and the recipient.
3. ExxonMobil’s membership in and payments to any tax-exempt organization that writes and endorses model legislation.
4. Description of management’s and the Board’s decision making process and oversight for making payments described in sections 2 and 3 above.

Smith, who is Director of Environmental Social and Governance (ESG) Shareowner Engagement at Walden, recently posted an update on the progress of the lobbying resolutions in this year's proxy season. “This ongoing campaign,” Smith wrote, “has had a steady positive effect.”

“This year companies including Raytheon, CenterPoint and DuPont came to agreements with investors to expand their lobbying disclosure,” he continued.

On the other hand, Smith further noted, “Companies are listing the large trade associations they are part of but declining to provide any details of financial support (dues and additional payments) and the amounts used for lobbying.”

“We commend companies for their responsiveness to the call for disclosure of political expenditures related to elections,” he wrote, “while reminding them lobbying disclosure is a coveted but separate topic and that 'good grades' in one doesn’t offset failing disclosure in another.”

Shareowner resolutions filed at companies that fail to adequately disclose payments to trade associations, Smith warned, will remain on proxy ballots, even if they receive adequate scores from the
CPA-Zicklin Index.

“We believe it is important to have a basic set of standards for disclosure,” he concluded. “If a company responds meaningfully, investors are pleased to withdraw the resolution in response.”

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